Decision on which cable to use also depends on the length of it you’ll be using.
In my setup, I use less than 1m of RG58, so I really don’t care about cable losses for such short length.
As for having an EFHW vertically hang from the top of a fishing rod, I think it’s a perfect way to use it and take advantage of the low radiation angle that configuration will give you.
I think RG58 would be fine, or what ever you have. Attenuation will be small. I use 5m of RG58 with mine.
I wouldn’t hang it vertically down a metal tower. Perhaps a sloper towards a fibreglass mast would be better, or vertical or sloping to a nearby tree. Or even fix a fibreglass mast to the tower horizontally and have the wire horizontal along the pole with the end dangling down vertically, but well clear of the tower.
I use a 10m length of RG174 coax as the feeder for my 60/40/30/20 linked dipole and 40/30/20 EFHW. The attenuation is spec’d at <1dB at 10MHz (30m band). I run a maximum of 10W (CW). Ten metres is long enough for me to sit in a sheltered spot away from the wind whilst the antenna is out in the open. The RG174 coax on a plastic winder weighs 187g and occupies little space in the rucksack.
Yes even RG/174 is good enough on lower HF bands and really light
It’s getting flaky on 10m - and forget it for VHF/UHF
I remember a story about a CB shop where they kept getting customers complaining of high SWR indications with cheapo antennas - they would “solve” the problem by selling them a 25m length of RG/174 and telling them not to cut it - just loop it if it’s too long. Result - low SWR !
you won’t notice a difference of 0.24 dB when operating. Remember one S-Unit is 6 dB.
Also, what @EA2IF wrote needs to be considered: with an EFHW you could use a very short cable which could compensate the slightly higher loss of RG 58.
Using calculator is good to select coax you might want. I always measure actual losses of made coax as quality of connectors and how they are attached might have significant impact on actual losses value.
Pls note that, -1.41dB equates to 20% of lost power, plus losses in transformer you might end up with only 50% of your power being radiated.
A dipole with coax feed has a loss in the coax (dielectric loss). This is given in charts. There is also loss due to SWR miss match. But there is a lot of cheap, substandard Chinese coax on sale so to be sure you should measure it.
An endfed matching unit will have loss. A lot of authors on here have to done a lot of work to try to reduce those losses. The loss you will achieve when you make a matching unit depends on the components matching what the author used and the quality of construction.
Either way there will be some loss. The aim is to get the matching unit loss to be no more than the equivalent coax loss and hopefully better.
I use RG174 for coax fed dipoles. IMHO it’s OK for use up to 14MHz and at 18MHz it is starting to get too lossy in the 10m length I use. My 12/10m 1/4wave and 10m delta loop use about 4m of RG58 to help keep the losses down. I would not want to carry 10m of RG58 with me!
Which is best? Which has lowest loss? It depends. So build an EFHW and link dipole and compare them. They don’t cost much to make and there is lots of fun to be had building and experimenting.