You might be surprised at the number of times you take one or two ‘reverse’ steps. I only realised when using snowshoes that I do it without thinking. This can result in a rapid up ending. …
Agree your comments regarding crampons and ice axe. Get someone to spend at least a day going through their use. Or do a couple of days proper winter skills course which should include a bit on avalanche awareness and winter navigation.
Off the top of my head on ice axe and crampons.
Appropriate axe selection (length, head weight, rating - T or B). Too light an axe makes it useless for step cutting. Wrong pick profile makes self arrest challenging as does too long or too short shaft.
How to carry it on your bag safely and temp stowage methods which leave it accessible
How to hold axe
Step cutting using boot edges and ice axe
Axe use as a support - uphill hand
Moving keeping two points of contact - rhythm
Zig zagging uphill and how to turn corners safely
Heel plunge on downhill
Crampon selection and boot compatibility
Importance of correct adjustment at home in the warm and dry! Including cutting strap excess length.
Use of crampon bags (good) vs point covers (horrid)
Fitting crampons in the field, finding the right spot, remembering to fit early rather than waiting too late when things are already steep and slippery. Practice, practice, practice… your hands will thank you when you can get yours on in 3 mins while everyone else messes about.
Walking style ‘John Wayne’. Keeping front points away from heels as you move.
Ensuring flappy trousers are secured below the calves - gaiters.
All the different crampon uses - flat foot, front point, mixed, how to get a safe rest position.
The extra danger of self arrest when wearing crampons.
Keeping crampons on until it is properly safe to remove.
Understanding that crampons grip on rocks too and leaving them on when crossing mixed terrain won’t damage them.
Care and maintenance and proper inspection.
I’ve probably missed something important. …
Lots to learn with ice axe and crampons