GREAT WHERNSIDE, G/NP-008. SOTA/ VHF-NFD Camp 6th to 7th July 2019
G4YSS (using SSEG club callsign - GX0OOO/P)
VHF-NFD on 2m & 4m SSB
SOTA on 160m-80m-40m CW & SSB QRO & 2m-FM QRP
17th consecutive year for VHF-NFD on NP8
Overnight summit stay with Sasha the lurcher
Non-radio: BST (UTC plus 1)
Radio ops: UTC (‘z’)
IC706-2G HF-VHF-UHF 100W Transceiver with CW key (toggle switch) in microphone
Home Brew Adaptable Yagi antenna. 4-ely on 2m or 3-ely on 4m or 1-ely on 6m (620gm inc 4.5m RG316/ BNC)
6m x 5 section aluminium alloy/ carbon-fibre composite mast adaptable for HF or VHF
80-60-40-(30)-20m link dipole with (new) loading coils for 160m and 1m end sticks.
Transverter for 70 MHz Band with 28 MHz input 10W output (Ukrainian)
IC-E90 Quad-band 5W H/H with integral 7.2V / 1.3Ah Li-Po battery
Vertical J-Pole for 2m-FM on 7mm dia x 1.32m carbon fibre composite rod
Voice Keyer (Home-Brew)
Two pairs of 11.1V/ 5Ah and two 11.1V/ 2.2Ah with paralleling harnesses
Total 24.4Ah (16.5 Ah used)
Lichfield Viper-2 Flysheet with pre-attached poles & pegs
Poly Groundsheet & six pegs
Mountain Equipment Nova synthetic sleeping bag (1.2kg)
Spiderman (child’s) Airbed
Ascent: 22.3kg (49.2 pounds) including food (dog food) and 3.25 litres of fluids (1 ltr as ice). Two sleeping bags, two mats & one airbed.
Descent: 18.8kg, (41.5 pounds). 1 litre of water was discarded before descent.
Apart from the dog lead & treat bag, there were no hand carried items this year.
85 litre rucksack with 3.4kg of antennas, poles & flysheet on outside (inc. in above figures)
This was the seventeenth consecutive G4YSS/ GX0OOO/P (SSEG) VHF-NFD on Great Whernside G/NP-008, Scarborough’s closest 2,000 footer at 63 miles distant. Of these there have been seven summit camps; 2011; 2013; 2014; 2015, 2016, 2018 and this year 2019. With other issues coming to the fore in the run-up to this year’s expedition, planning was not started until 2-days before. I would be dog sitting for the weekend but would have wanted to take Sasha anyway. Taking her along creates a heavier carry but she really is no trouble as well as being great company.
WX for both days:
The MWIS mountain weather forecast for the Yorkshire Dales: 5 to 8C at 2,000 feet, 16C in the valleys. Wind 10 mph variable. Sunny periods with slight risk of the odd light shower. Like last year, with neither lightning nor significant rain in the forecast, the decision to stay overnight was easily made.
Pack weight seems to hover around 50 plus or minus 5 pounds. This year I kept it down to 49 pounds but that’s still a big carry uphill, albeit over a shortish distance. Unlike last year when everything was baked dry, there was water available on the way up and although flowing, it didn’t look too pleasant.
I had to be in Filey to pick up my Grandson at 5pm on the Sunday so we would have to leave the summit at least three hours earlier than in previous years. With that in mind, fluids could be limited to 3.25 litres which included 1 litre of ice to keep the food cool. Last year we took a gallon which gave real meaning to the the phrase, ‘heavy water!’
Similarly, battery requirements were less so I took 24.2Ah comprising two pairs at 5Ah and a pair of 2.2’s. All were Turnigy’s apart from two HRB 5Ah ones bought recently. To run the IC706-2G at 100W on HF it’s best, though not essential, to parallel two 5Ah’s using a home made harness. EC5 connectors are fitted to the 5Ah Turnigys. The remainder have ST60’s with EC5 adaptors.
Good weather meant that I could dispense with the inner tent and just rely on the flysheet and a ground sheet, the same as last year. As well as two mats and two sleeping bags I added my Grandson’s Spiderman airbed. Since temperatures were set to drop near 5C overnight, Sasha would need a coat this year.
So many times I’ve hand-carried up two 2.2m ali masts for VHF in addition to one for HF strapped to the outside of the rucksack. Last year I took only the 4-section HF mast but added another base section to make it 6m high in 5-sections. The three bottom sections double as a support for VHF beams at a height of about 4m and ‘R’ clips are used to stop rotation between sections. Overall weight is saved but pack weight is increased by 260 gm for the new base section. Also it’s much less convenient having to take HF down to put VHF up and vice-versa; especially if there’s bad weather (not in this case). One spin-off is that the dipole ends up 1m higher which won’t do 160m any harm.
The home-brew 4m band 3-ely beam, merely a scaled up version of the original G3CWI 2m band Sotabeam, has extra holes in the boom to take four elements for the 2m band. A 6m dipole is also a feature but that was a failure last year due to high VSWR. To weight-balance the antenna, the 4m reflector is left in place when configured for 2m. It looks a bit strange but it works.
We set off from Scarborough on Saturday 6th July 2019 at 15:00, driving via A170 Thirsk, A684 Masham, Middleham and Horsehouse (74 miles), arriving at the top of Park Rash at 17:20.
On the way I answered a call on GB3HG - Harrogate 2m repeater who’s antenna is on the club house at Sutton Bank Gliding Club. A QSO with G0KFV ensued, the main topic of conversation being the possible loss of our beloved 144 MHz band. Mark was already preparing for it and had made a 10-FM vertical for local working should the dreaded event come to fruition. I tried to give reassurance that the authorities wouldn’t carry it through but common sense does not always prevail, especially nowadays.
Just as I rounded the top bend to start the descent Sutton Bank and asked for the brakes, my foot disappeared to the floor. Well almost to the floor, some braking remained within an inch of maximum travel. Well I am used to old bangers and their idiosyncrasies, having had nothing else all my life but this was a bit much and nothing like this had happened for more than 20 years.
I was surprised to say the least, going down a little slower than I would normally do and using the gears and not the foot brake should the latter fail altogether. Looking in the mirror and trying to spot a trail of brake fluid seemed like the prudent thing to do but Henry’s company had done their job well in providing me with two braking circuits. Checking the efficiency of the handbrake was next on the mental list and it wasn’t bad.
I kept testing the foot brake and by the time I got to Thirsk, about 5 miles, the system had mysteriously ‘healed up’ and had returned to the normal one-inch of travel. What caused it I do not know as it’s been perfect since but the problem must have been in the master cylinder. On checking the fluid level I found the reservoir to be full and there were no drips underneath; just the one driving. I have the spare car and if needs be, I’ll swap the masters.
Just over a mile short of the parking place was a man with a massive rucksack thumbing a lift while displaying a sign saying, ‘Glider Pilot.’ The rucksack was shoe-horned into the front passenger seat while he sat in the back, making friends with Sasha. In his backpack was a paraglider and he told me that he’d taken off from near Whernside (NP4) flying in company with his friend and hoping to get possibly as far as Harrogate!
They’d found several thermals and updraughts but in the end had to accept that they were not going to meet their ambition. Even the hope of landing on top of our eventual destination Great Whernside (NP8) had to be given up. His friend landed on the lower slopes of Buckden Pike (NP9) while ‘our man’ came down between Great Whernside and the ‘C’ road that we were driving along.
We had a nice chat about our respective hobbies in which he told me that before taking off he’d seen someone apparently ‘setting up radio equipment at Ribblehead.’ His mate was sitting beside the road when we got along to the parking place and about 10 minutes later they’d flagged down another car which was taking them down Park Rash towards Kettlewell, waving as they went.
It was pleasing to note that the cattle weren’t in evidence on this particular afternoon but to avoid the damage of the past, I took the now routine precaution of parking on the Kettlewell side of the cattle grid at Tor Dike (SD 9861 7567 - 495m - 1,624ft ASL).
The trick was to remember to give the dog her tea at the car, leaving just her breakfast to carry. After hurting her back legs trying to jump the cattle grid last year, I carried her over and fastened her lead to the gate before going back to don the rucksack. Once the poles, beam and tent were untied from the roof rack and strapped to the outside, we began our climb at 17:45, an hour earlier than in 2018.
As always with a pack this heavy it was a slow, hot slog up the bogs and gullies albeit with a light breeze. Proving to herself that she could do it last year, Sasha easily jumped the fence next to the stile after which the gradient decreases. I only saw one sheep and she’s not been interested for the past year, so no lead was needed. The climb was made in 47 minutes and after a few photos at the trig we continued to the camping place 250m to the north east.
Again, after rejecting the stile as a way over, Sasha ran up and down the summit fence trying to find a low spot and attempting to get underneath the gate. I know she can jump obstacles higher than that fence, I’ve watched her jump a 5-bar gate while chasing deer on the Yorkshire Wolds but she needs adrenaline and a run-up to do it. Ascent is 217m (712ft) and distance one way is about 3km (just under two miles) to the camping place via the trig.
Displaying the usual exuberance Sasha started doing high-speed circuits of the camping spot while I unloaded the rucksack from my back. Year on year, what a relief that is! I felt like I was about to float upwards, immediately thinking of the glider pilot we’d given a lift to.
Everywhere is lumpy so it’s Hobson’s choice. The flysheet was soon up and six pegs secured the poly ground sheet. Bugs consisting of flies, spiders and this year a very large black beetle, are free to enter under the sides but it’s worth it for the weight saved and there weren’t too many of them. It takes time and effort to convert the contents of a rucksack into a living area. I allow over an hour for setting up and the same to take it all down.
New 160m Coil Tests:
The link dipole and 6m mast were deployed with the two newly made and hitherto untested 160m loading coils added at the 40m break points. The new coils were to replace the ones accidentally left on Ben Wyvis in May when they got buried under snow and out of sight.
VSWR tests proved the system albeit for some reason these new coils have ended up further LF that the original 2004 ones. The pressing thing at that moment was ensuring that the two desired frequencies of 1.832-CW and 1.846 MHz SSB were usable and that was fulfilled with plunger settings of ‘4’. The dipole was then taken off the mast and laid aside with the upper mast sections for use on Top Band after dark. This frees up the lower sections for use as a support for VHF beams. The beam, configured as a 4-ely on 2m, was then mounted horizontally on top.
Just in case time became available for FM, the 2m J-Pole was set up vertically on a dedicated short mast.
GREAT WHERNSIDE, G/NP-008, 704m (2,310ft), 6 pts for SOTA. 17:45 on Saturday 6th July to 12:52 on Sunday 7th July 2019. Temps approx: 9C on arrival, 5C overnight, 12C noon. Saturday evening: 5 mph NE wind dropping to zero between 11pm and 5am. Sunday: 5 mph SW wind. Some sun both days. A few spots of rain at noon on Sunday. Good Vodafone coverage throughout. WAB: SE07. LOC: IO-94-AD. (TP-0703 was not valid, being non-compliant with the 30m rule).
Index to operating 2019:
Times: UTC (Chronological order)
Saturday – NFD & SOTA:
- 3.760 SSB - 14 QSO‘s from 18:55z WAB/ SOTA
- 144 SSB - 10 QSO’s from 19:43z NFD
- 145.550 FM – 5 QSO’s from 20:44z SOTA
- 144 SSB - 8 QSO’s from 21:00z NFD
- 1.832 CW - 4 QSO’s from 22:10z SOTA
- 1.846 SSB - 9 QSO‘s from 22:22z SOTA
QRT: 23:00z (Midnight BST)
Sunday – NFD & SOTA:
7) 3.557 CW - 6 QSO’s from 07:00z SOTA
8) 3.760 SSB - 12 QSO‘s from 07:20z WAB/ SOTA
9) 7.128 SSB – 1 QSO at 07:54z SOTA
10) 70 MHz SSB - 13 QSO’s from 08:20z NFD
11) 144 SSB - 7 QSO’s from 10:22z NFD
SESSIONS in DETAIL:
- 3.760 SSB - 14 QSO’s from 18:55 to 19:10z WAB SE07/ SOTA
What good fortune on switch-on; a sizeable evening WAB net already running with Steve G4HPE controlling. With NP8 and SE07 to offer but sadly no trig, I had 14 QSO’s in the log in 15 minutes as follows: G4HPE Steve; MM3PDM Peter; G3XKT Tony; G0OFD John operating G7WAB; G8VZT Dave; M0LZY Paul; G0BPK Nigel; G0GWY Geoff; 2E0FEH Karl; G7AFM Phil; G0FEX/P Ken busy with the latest WAB mag (arrived as I type this – thanks Ken) and John G0AJH running G0WAB from TQ58.
The band was working very well and reports were almost all 59 both ways with a 58, a few 57’s incoming and a 44 from me to Karl. Power was 40 Watts to the inverted vee dipole at 6m centre height. A good start and unplanned.
- 144 SSB - 10 QSO’s from 19:43 to 20:23z NFD
With 50 Watts to the 4-ely Yagi I logged ten stations called on their own frequencies as follows: G3CKR/P in IO93AD; GM3HAM/P (see below) in IO74WV; G3RCW in IO93EP; M0BB/P in IO91PK; G4ZAP/P in JO01PU; G2BQY/P in IO81RF; GW3ZTT/P in IO82KW; EI9E/P in IO62OM; GW3SRT/P in IO82LQ; G3SVJ/P in IO92XA.
I asked Dan GM6CMQ, who was the op at GM3HAM at the time (and who incidentally knows Dave G4EDR, a mutual friend in the Scarborough area), whether Andy MM0FMF was with them. He was on this year’s team but was busy with an experiment of some kind, though I would work him later.
145.550 FM – 5 QSO’s from 20:44 to 21:00z SOTA
Thinking I’d better give the local SOTA chasers a chance before it got late, I switched to the 5-Watt IC-E90 handheld which was coupled up to the vertical J-Pole outside. A single call on S20 brought back G4BLH in Clitheroe. After a failed attempt to spot myself, Mike kindly did the job for me. Actually my self-spot was only delayed. That aside I went on to work: G6XBF Walt in Leeds; M6KZB Chris also in Leeds; G1DRG Gareth in York and the final caller M1EJX Martin at Dunscroft near Doncaster. Reports were 59 both ways apart from the first and final QSO’s; Mike gave me a 51 in response to 57 and the exchange with Martin was 55/ 52. These could have been NFD contacts but I thought it would save time if they weren’t.
144.375 SSB - 8 QSO’s from 21:00 to 21:30z NFD
Selecting the alerted frequency of 144.375 MHz, I spotted myself and called ‘CQ SOTA, CQ Contest.’ This strategy brought in the first five QSO’s starting with G4TMZ - Dave in IO93GN.
After another 8 minutes of CQ’ing using the voice keyer with the IC706’s mic pressed against it’s speaker, I was found by G0OLE/P op Neil in IO93PX, then G4ATH/P - Donald in IO83NU (SD43) and G6XBF Walt in IO93FU.
Someone told me about a Danish station who was operating down the band so I QSY’d and worked OR6T in JO20KV. After this minor triumph, I went on to log G3VLG/P in IO92GD and G6IPU/P in JO02QV. I say ‘minor triumph.’ My son worked down past Rome from Scarborough with 50 W to a 7-ely on 144 MHz four days prior to field day and it was an easy QSO too.
I must have gone back to 144.375 and called CQ; it’s not recorded but I was called by MS0TR which turned out to be Andy helping to operate GM3HAM in IO74WV. He’d got my message of earlier and came in for a chat. For 10 minutes we talked, the main topic being GM/NS classics such as Ben Loyal and the like.
- 1.832 CW - 4 QSO’s from 22:10 to 22:20z SOTA
The beam was laid on the grass and the mast put back together to support the dipole and already tuned up coils. Top Band was qualified with CW in 10 minutes. The band was noisy and there was intermittent QRM.
Using the maximum available power of 100W (likely only 70W with the voltage applied) I worked: G0HIO Mike Burton-on Trent 579/ 449; G4BLH/M near Clitheroe using a very high Q whip on his car - 579/ 599; EI5HJ Gary 449/ 599 and G4WSB Bill in Swindon 2 x 559.
- 1.846/ 1.845 SSB - 9 QSO‘s from 22:22 to 23:00z SOTA
As well as static crashes, there were lots of man-made nasty noises on SSB again probably caused by ‘creeping data.’ I moved up from 1.843, a frequency I used for SSB in the years up to 2017 but it wasn’t enough. Much further and I’ll be limited to 32 Watts. Further than that and I’ll be having to re-tune the coils before QSY’ing to SSB.
In the 160m SSB log: G4BLH/M Mike 46/ 59; EI3GYB Michael in Mayo 59/ 57; 2E0FEH Karl 2x 58; G4WSB Bill 58/ 59; G0HRT (failed QSO – see later) and M6BYW - XYL of Bill 55/ 59.
Continuing from 22:46z - M0BKV Damien just in from work was easily readable at 59 plus 5dB. Giving me 59 also. CT1DVU Agnelo in Lisbon was next with 44/ 54. After a few repeats G0HRT Rob entered the log on the second time of trying at 2x 55. It was hard to get the reports across for Rob but the real difficulty was properly identifying Rob’s callsign in massive QRM. Last but not least, I was surprised to be called from Polska in the form of SP2EWQ Alex who promised to try 80m in the morning. This, the final QSO was 59 both ways.
It had taken a long time, a QSY and a lot of battery power to complete the Top Band SSB session but it was well worth the effort. Full available power was used most of the time but fearing sudden battery failure that was reduced for the last three QSO’s but not by much.
I usually go out after midnight to remove the Top Band coils in readiness for 80m first thing in the morning but this time it was overlooked. This omission did however give me the opportunity to do further tests on the new coils in daylight.
QRT for the day: 23:00z (Midnight BST)
Yes I had to get this one in didn’t I? My favourite subject as I am ‘of an age.’ While arranging the sleeping gear for the night we tuned the 706 to Radio Caroline. However that didn’t last long; one Amp of current is an extravagance just to listen to broadcasts but the 1kW signal was steady and quite listenable.
The long night:
Well, not really at this time of year but much depends on comfort or the lack of it. The temperature dropped after dark and so gradually did the wind; the latter a good thing but the still conditions encouraged loud music to drift up from below, presumably Hagg Dyke until well past midnight. This has happened at least once in the past.
It became quite cold outside in the early hours but despite the open ‘brailings’ we were warm enough. The dog, with her head on my Tesco inflatable pillow (what a sacrifice) slept better than me in her coat and sleeping bag until about 4am after which we were both awake much of the time. I think I got about three hours which is good compared to some previous years. Great Whernside’s tussocks were minimised by my Grandson’s (aged 11) Spiderman Lilo but when I saw him he was mildly critical that I would actually use such a child like thing at my age. I explained about the weight but that wasn’t sufficient an excuse.
We got up at 07:30 but there was no hot tea this year as I deemed it too time consuming because of our shorter stay. Looking out I was surprised to see a clear day with the odd bit of hazy sun and there had been no condensation overnight. Sasha was soon outside rolling about in the grass after enjoying her breakfast while I tested the available bandwidth for various coil plunger positions on 160m before QSY to 80m in readiness for the QRV time.
- 3.557 CW - 6 QSO’s from 07:00 to 07:15z SOTA
It was early on a Sunday morning but the chasers were available. With 50 Watts to the dipole, the following stations were worked in CW: Immediately on calling CQ, EI6FR came back. Declan and I exchanged at 599/ 559 but he is much better at CW than me, he having operated from exotic DXpedition locations in the past. I got the idea that he was asking if I wanted spotting so I replied, ‘Please spot if you can.’
Declan’s spot alerted others and I soon had another five in the log as follows: G4WSB Bill - Swindon; G0NES Don in Brum; M0BKV Damien in Cornwall; PA9CW Tonnie at Oosterhout and finally a good overseas customer on 80m over the years; Frid DL1FU.
Reports were mostly 599 for these but understandably I got 559 from Tonnie and 569 from Frid. Bill’s exchange was 599/ 579. After some poor showing lately on 80m CW, I was quite satisfied with six worked, especially early on a Sunday morning and it was much appreciated.
- 3.760 SSB - 12 QSO‘s from 07:20 to 07:50z. WAB SE07/ SOTA
Last year and for a long time before that I would by now be sending ‘SSB, SSB, SSB’ on the CW frequency. Roy G4SSH would pick up on that and spot the QSY for me in advance. Sadly Roy is in a home in Scarborough now without access to a radio so the ‘team’ is broken up.
With 40 Watts to the dipole I called ‘CQ SOTA, CQ WAB,’ getting back Dave G4IAR using GB6ABG but recognising his voice. We exchanged at 59 both ways and a brief chat followed. Shortly Dave alerted me to trouble with a poor audio report which became worse on the next over. This is a sure sign of under-voltage so I swapped the two 5Ah Turnigy’s for a pair of new HRB’s. The former had done pretty well in supporting 45 high power QSO’s on the previous day, the Top Band sessions being particularly demanding. I wasn’t at all concerned about battery resources; with just 10Ah used, there was plenty left from the 24Ah brought up and we were due to leave the summit three hours earlier this year.
Next in was G0RQL Don in Holdsworthy, Devon 59/ 57. Settling in to a routine the chasers came in a steady stream as follows: M0TVU Paul - Great Barr; GM6ZAK Andy Cupar; M0TMD Helen in Glossop; M0JLA Rod in Hereford City; G4OOE Nick in Scarborough; G6GGP/P Paul (aka G4MD) using his ‘B’ call from Walton Hill G/CE-002. Thanks for the S2S Paul!
Next to call was G8VNW - Nick a handful of miles down the Wharfe valley in Threshfield; 2E0PJN/P Paul nr. Hitchin using 10 Watts from TL23; 2E0FEH Karl in Saltash, Cornwall with a request for 40m and finally EI2KD Rod in Milford, Co. Donegal.
Four reports were 59 both ways but there were some 55’s and 57’s coming in and a 37 from Rod M0JLA because of local noise on this particular part of the band.
7.128 SSB – 1 QSO at 07:54z SOTA
40m was not planned; rather it was quickly arranged following a request made on 80m SSB by Karl 2E0FEH. ‘If you don’t ask, you don’t get,’ said Karl. 7.160 was QRL so I chose 7.128. With an 80m configured antenna I couldn’t check it and hoped it was truly clear and would remain so after I’d relayed it to Karl on 80m and then gone out to open the dipole links. Luckily Karl went up there and ‘sat on it’ until I could get there. We exchanged at 57/ 55 but it took 100W to reach Karl with the report.
70 MHz SSB - 13 QSO’s from 08:20 to 09:49z NFD
So finally it was back to VHF. The NFD schedule had 70 MHz starting at 08:00z so that was next on the agenda. I took the mast apart and laid the dipole down, not entirely convinced that it wouldn’t be needed again. Care was required to connect up the transverter properly and set the input power. Any mistakes could potentially be costly.
With the 3-ely beam atop the three lower mast sections, I began at the bottom of the band, hunting as I twiddled the VFO up in frequency but pausing to call CQ on sked with my son Phil at 08:30z. This was a new band, so at least I could work everybody without having to check whether I’d worked them on Saturday or not. That niggle would come later with a return to 2m.
Conditions didn’t seem too bad but it took me quite a while to hunt these stations down. Maybe I was just tired but I was certainly suffering with a headache by now, having not drunk enough; a continuing problem as I have almost no sense of thirst.
Stations worked on 4m: G3TBK/P in IO93RA; GM4ZUK/P in IO86RW; G0UUU/P a 10-minute sked with son Phil at Ravenscar near Scarborough in IO94RJ - 54/ 57 on 70.245. After the sked, G2LO/P in IO92GB and G1EZF in IO93FT – the latter two worked on 70.248 after they answered my CQ.
Continuing on: M0NFD/P in IO94MJ; G4ATH/P Donald in IO83NU (SD43); G0OLE/P in IO93PX; G0VHF/P in JO01PU; G3CKR/P in IO93AD; MM0CCC/P in IO85OQ; G2OA/P in IO83PN and finally G3PYE/P in JO02CE.
The transverter gives out 10 Watts when driven with 2W from the IC706-2G on 28 MHz, though power efficiency in the HF rig must me absolutely diabolical.
- 144 SSB in 7 QSO’s from 10:22 to 11:05z NFD
The trouble with having one boom for two beams is the chore of reconfiguration. On the plus side it gets you out and eases some of the pain, stiffness and discomfort which by now was becoming very noticeable.
This would be the final session today whereas normally I’d be inserting 70cm-SSB and then returning again to 144 for a final session, running up to the close at 14:00z. After that would come a SOTA activation on 14MHz. Not so today. For pressing family reasons, I was determined not to work beyond noon local time.
The last gasp on 2m: F8KGU in JN19BQ; G0ARC/P in IO91EH; M0HRF/P in JO01JA; PA1T in JO33JF; G0UUU/P in IO94RJ (Phil at Ravenscar – 266m ASL); DF4T in JN39NR and the final QSO of the 2-day expedition G2OA/P in IO83PN. I wish I’d worked one more which would have made it 90 QSO’s for the expedition but I didn’t realise that at the time.
Final QRT: 11:06z
End of Part-1